The Palacký University Olomouc Faculty of Law is the laureate of the 2020 National Security Council Award for significant contribution to the security policy of the Czech Republic, decided at its Monday meeting. In this way, the Council thus appreciated the long-term and progressive work of the faculty in matters of security and in the field of international humanitarian and operational law. Read more
Our external expert, dr. Aniel de Beer, has achieved the Lieber Prize. Francis Lieber Prize granted by the American Society of International Law (ASIL) is an annual award for the author of an exceptional book or an article in the field of the law of armed conflict. Dr. de Beer won with her book 'Peremptory Norms of General International Law (Jus Cogens) and the Prohibition of Terrorism' which is based on her doctoral thesis completed in 2018.
The Lieber Society is focal point of ASIL for the study and dissemination of the law of armed conflict (or international humanitarian law) and other areas of public international law related to the conduct of military operations. The Lieber Society facilitates dialogue by bringing together academics and governmental and non-governmental practitioners, civilian and military, from the United States and throughout the world, by sponsoring panels at the ASIL Annual Meetings, publishing a quarterly newsletter, co-sponsoring symposia, and by the informal sharing and critiquing of ideas, research and papers.
Centre for International Humanitarian and Operational Law and Faculty of Law Palacký University Olomouc organize conference focused on contribution of the International Criminal Court to the developing and enforcement of international humanitarian law. The conference was originally scheduled for May 21 – 22, 2020, however in light of the coronavirus pandemic the conference has been postponed. New dates will be announced at the beginning of June. The conference is supported by the European Society of International Law and the International Law Association. Further details are available on https://ihl.upol.cz/.
Dr. Martha Bradley and dr. Aniel de Beer are authors of the article “All Necessary and Reasonable Measures – The Bemba Case and the Threshold for Command Responsibility”, which has been published in the International Criminal Law Review. This article evaluates the meaning of “all necessary and reasonable measures” in the context of command responsibility and considers whether Bemba met this threshold in order to avoid incurring criminal responsibility under Article 28(a)(ii). Authors take a different position than the Appeals Chamber decision and gives strong arguments why Bemba shouldn´t be discharged of his duty of commander responsibility.
International Criminal Review publishes in-depth analytical research that deals with the substantive and procedural law on the international level, important cases which have a bearing on general issues, but also criminological, sociological and historical issues.
Centre for International Humanitarian and Operational Law, affiliated to the Department of International and European Law at the Law Faculty, Palacky University, organizes a lecture on Military Intelligence in practice (tasks of the military intelligence, career opportunities for a prestigious service etc.). The guest of the lecture is Jaroslav Zobač who served as a chief of the Department of Fight against Extremism and Terrorism and of the Department of Military Counterintelligence.
The lecture is open to students of the Law Faculty and to all that are interested in the topic.
Petr Stejskal, PhD student of European and international law and member of the CIHOL, is now on a research stay in South Africa. From September 2019, Petr is conducting a research on international law of transboundary water resources at the partner University of Johannesburg under the supervision of prof. Hennie Strydom, head of the South African Research Chair in International Law.
In particular, he is analysing the state practice and opinio iuris of states on the rule of equitable utilisation of transboundary water resources, together with corresponding procedural obligation to cooperate. The management of transboundary groundwater is insufficiently regulated by international law. At the same time, many of transboundary aquifers are underlying territories of states where the risk of escalation and conflict is high or where these states are already engaging in a conflict. Defective utilisation of water resources may therefore cause conflicts between states and be a driving force of migration. Not only for these reasons, the topic of the law of transboundary groundwater is on the agenda of the UN General Assembly this month. Given the scarce regulation in international treaties, it is pertinent to ask whether customary international norm of equitable utilisation has already evolved as an important element of prevention of conflicts between states.
In addition to his research, Petr is given great opportunities to engage in several other activities. At the Research Chair, he attended a seminar where international legal experts discussed the legal regime of drone strikes. Petr will have its own contribution at the Chair as he will introduce to its members the outcomes of his doctoral research (protection of foreign investments in armed conflict). He will also present results of his research at the University of Pretoria. Together with other researchers from the Chair, Petr will also attend the annual conference of the African Society of International Law in Durban.
This research stay is part of the fruitful cooperation between the two universities. Several international law experts, including professor Strydom, had already visited the Palacký University Faculty of Law and participated in the activities of the CIHOL.
Faculty of Law and the Czech Armed Forces officially affirmed and strengthened their long-standing cooperation as the Centre for International Humanitarian and Operational Law (CIHOL) has been inaugurated. It will operate under the auspices of the Department of international and European law. Its specialization and interconnection of academia and military environment makes the Centre unique in the Central European context.
Ceremonial presentation and launch of its activities took place in the Chamber Hall of the Palacký University Arts Centre on June 20. The ceremony was attended by almost 50 guests, including the chief members of the Faculty of Law, chief members of the military, representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or partner non-governmental organisations. "Establishment of the Centre is an outcome of a long-term cooperation, so it already has something to build upon, and I believe that it has bright prospects for its future work. I wish to those who are involved in its operation that they further develop and enhance mutual cooperation and enjoy their work," said Zdenka Papoušková, The Dean of the Faculty of Law.
In particular, she expressed her gratitude to Vice-dean Martin Faix and lieutenant colonel Otakar Foltýn for their work as two founding members of the Centre. She also thanked to brigadier general Pavel Kolář, Director of the Special Forces Directorate of the Ministry of Defence & Armed Forces, and to Václav Stehlík, Head of the Department of International and European Law to which CIHOL will belong.
The significance of the Centre has been remarked by Pavel Kolář in his speech. "In the long run, I am convinced that the military has to stay in touch with society, especially in the area of education. Establishment of the Centre is a great example of how to mutually benefit from the knowledge of academics and practical experience of soldiers."
The opening ceremony of the Centre for International Humanitarian and Operational Law (CIHOL) took place on Thursday, June 20. The centre is founded under the auspices of Department of international and European law of the Faculty of Law as the next step in its long-term cooperation with the Army of the Czech Republic.
“We established the Centre with aim not only to create an institutional framework for further development of mutual cooperation, including research and teaching activities, but also to create an environment for innovative ideas and activities of experts coming from academia and military in area of international humanitarian law and other fields related to security sector and use of force. These settings make CIHOL unique in Central Europe,” Martin Faix from Department of international and European law explained.
Very eventful with regard to getting experience from abroad, maximally beneficial, but also demanding and unexpectedly diverse. This is how Petr Stejskal describes his doctoral studies in European and international law. Being the first from the law faculty in Olomouc, he conducted an internship at the Permanent Mission of the Czech Republic to the UN in New York this year.
Petr Stejskal is a graduate of the Master´s in law at the Law Faculty of the Palacký University and is a doctoral student in the third year. “Petr is an example of how to ideally connect personality traits and studying predispositions with the possibilities offered and supported by both the university and faculty – namely the flexibility of our doctoral program and opportunities to travel abroad,” said Martin Faix, Vice-dean for international affairs.
During last two years, Petr Stejskal conducted an internship in The Hague, obtained an LL.M. degree at the University of Amsterdam, wrote academic papers, conducted an internship at the Permanent Mission of the Czech Republic to the UN in Geneva, attended the Winter Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law and, finally, conducted an internship at the Permanent Mission of the Czech Republic to the UN in New York.
Internships at permanent missions are among the most prestigious. He worked in New York for three months on interesting tasks and followed important meetings and sessions. “My supervisor was in charge of the agenda of the fight against terrorism and organized crime, international sanctions, the law of the sea or protocol, to give examples,” Petr described. The most interesting experience for him was his participation in the meetings of relevant UN bodies and agencies which sought to respond to the new threats of terrorism. He also observed preparation of the UN General Assembly resolution on the protection of victims of terrorism or the Security Council´s meeting where resolution for combatting the financing of terrorism has been adopted.
Petr has quite ambitious plans also for the second half of the year. He will sit for a final doctoral exam, conduct a research stay via Erasmus+ mobility at a partner university in Johannesburg and he would also like to finish his dissertation thesis.
The historically first student of European and International Law in English doctoral degree study program Theoretical legal sciences has graduated at the Faculty of Law. Tuomas Heikkinen from Helsinki, Finland, successfully defended his dissertation thesis dealing with unified standard of IHL application in multinational military operations.
Tuomas worked on his dissertation thesis under the supervision of Martin Faix from Department of international and European law. “I appreciate the expertise of academics participating in the program and their personal approach. I have always had an excellent base for my study here at the faculty. Moreover, Olomouc is a great student city with many possibilities,” Tuomas highlighted.
The doctoral degree study program European and International Law is conceived as highly selective.