Law of Armed Conflicts and Use of Force
Use of force in international relations is a topic omnipresent in the media, international practice and academic writing. More importantly, as its prohibition by a peremptory norm of international law shows, it is an aspect of utmost importance for the existence international community. Nevertheless, the international legal foundations of the use of force are being constantly challenged, which makes participation in an academic course focusing on questions of the use of force (ius ad/contra bellum) and laws applicable when there is a war (ius in bello) an interesting, but at the same time also a challenging undertaking. The course therefore aims at introducing students to major aspects of international law on the prohibition of use of force and the law of armed conflict (LOAC). Students who have successfully completed this course should have a sound knowledge of and understand the prohibition of the use of force and its exceptions, as well as the current debates on some major aspects of this topic. Students should also gain basic knowledge of historical developments of the law of armed conflict, understand thoroughly relevant international treaties and the scope of application of LOAC, and finally have an appreciation of some of the contemporary debates which have occurred in the context of recent conflicts (such as Crimea, Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan).
The course is taught in English and regularly includes lectures from national and international experts from academia and practice, including the Army of the Czech Republic.
International Humanitarian Law
The course (taught in Czech language) offers to students a thorough presentation of the law of armed conflict, with the aim to provide a critical analysis based on a rounded understanding of major aspects of international law principles and legal concepts relating to the conduct of warfare and protection of victims of war. Students will gain basic knowledge of historical developments of the law of armed conflict, understand thoroughly relevant international treaties (especially the four Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols) and the scope of application of LOAC, and finally have an appreciation of some of the contemporary debates which have occurred in the context of recent conflicts (Iraq, Libya). Some of the lectures are presented by representatives of the Army of the Czech Republic and the Czech Red Cross.
International Criminal Law
The aim of this one semester course is to provide students with knowledge in one of the most progressive discipline of public international law. The course is focused on the position of international criminal law within the system of public international law, on the history of international criminal law reflected in foundation of even more perfect institutions (IMT, IMTFE, ICTY, ICTR, ICC) and especially on the current substantive and procedural regulation used at international forum, which is from its major part embodied in the Rome Statute of ICC. Integral part of the course is the analysis of some leading cases in international criminal law (Tadic, Miloševic, Akayesu, Dyilo etc.) The course describes the effort of international community to prosecute and punish the perpetrators of the most serious violations of international law both at international and municipal level. The course is held in English.
Current armed conflicts in Africa from the perspective of international law
This intensive course is taught by dr. Martha Magdalena Bradley from the University of Pretoria. It covers current crucial aspects of armed conflicts in Africa, their specificities and applicable rules of international law. It will address a wide range of topics, including the law of non-international armed conflicts, hybrid conflicts, cross-border conflicts, terrorism, peacekeeping operations, with focus on Africa environment. The course will also deal with international criminal law and IHL enforcement (eg. Al Bashir, Akayesu, Bemba cases).
COURSE POSTPONED DUE TO COVID-19 PANDEMICS FOR 2020/2021.
Dr. Aniel de Beer
- "Responses to hybrid threats: the prohibition of terrorism as a jus cogens norm and the use of force against terrorists", presentation in the Framework of the international conference on Responding to Hybrid Threats by Force organised by the Palacký University Faculty of Law (2018),
- Lecture on "Exceptions to the prohibition on the use of force: Non-state actors and the use of force." as part of the course Law of Armed Conflict and Use of Force (November 2018)
Prof. Hennie Strydom
- Faculty of Law, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic, Informal Workshop on European Union Training Mission (EUTM) in Mali for students (6 November 2018)
- Lecture on the Mali Conflict from the perspective of international law (workshop for students and Czech Army military lawyers)
LTC Otakar Foltýn
- Lecture on "Implementation and enforcement of LOAC: Current issues" within the course Law of Armed Conflict and Use of Force (November 2018)